... Lord Jesus Christ,Son of God, have mercy on me the sinner-Κύριε Ιησού Χριστέ,Υιέ Θεού, ελέησόν με τον αμαρτωλό...

Παρασκευή, 15 Ιουλίου 2011

Chrismation-Holy Chrism

Chrismation

The Mystery of Chrismation is usually performed immediately after baptism as an integral part of the Baptismal service. This is the confirmation or seal of union with the Holy Church. The prayer of Chrismation says, “bestow on him (her) the seal of the gift of Your holy, omnipotent and worshipful Spirit and communion in the Holy Body and most Precious Blood of Your Christ. Keep him (her) in Your sanctification; confirm him (her) in the Orthodox Faith; deliver him (her) from the Evil One and all his devices. And guard his (her) soul, through redeeming fear of You, in purity and up rightness, so that pleasing You in every word and deed, he (she) May become a child and heir of Your heavenly kingdom.”
Chrismation was originally done by the Apostles by the laying on of hands. As the number of Christians grew and spread to various lands, this act was replaced by the use of a special myrrh that was received from the hands of the Apostles.
Now He who establishes us with you in Christ and has anointed us is God, who also has sealed us and given us the Spirit in our hearts as a guarantee. (2 Cor 1:21-22)
The word Chrisma has a close relation to the word Christian as Christians were often called the anointed ones.
In the West, Chrismation was separated from baptism in the 13th century. In the Roman church it is given to those who have become “the age of discretion” usually about seven years of age.

Holy Chrism

The use of such a holy oil can be found in the Old Testament. It is stated that, The Lord said to Moses, 'Take the finest spices ‑‑ 12 pounds of liquid myrrh, 6 pounds of sweet‑smelling cinnamon, 6 pounds of sweet cane, and 12 pounds of cassia (all weighted according to official standard). Add one gallon of olive oil, and make a sacred anointing oil, mixed like perfume. (Exodus 30:22‑25)
The Holy Chrism is prepared from oil and another fragrant essences, which symbolize the variety of gifts of the Holy Spirit that the Chrismated Christian receives. The most ancient list of materials and the aforementioned information "concerning the materials of the myrrh," which are still used today, date from the eighth century C.E. This list includes the materials used for the preparation and making of the Holy Chrism. At the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, there is an official List of kinds of fragrances, from which the Holy Chrism is made," which includes 57 kinds of elements.
Holy Chrism is used mainly in the celebration of the sacrament of Chrismation. it is also used to consecrate holy churches, altar tables, objects, and utensils, and for other sacred ceremonial circumstances.